Prof. Dr. Peter D. Clift 

Louisiana State University, USA
Mai 2023 - Aug 2023
Fellow
Jul 2022 - Okt 2022
Fellow
Sep 2011 - Dez 2011
Fellow
Sep 2010 - Dez 2010
Fellow
Sep 2009 - Dez 2009
Fellow

Peter D. Clift

Projekte & Publikationen

Abstract

Temporal Evolution of the Asian-Australian Monsoon and its Impact on Global Climate

 

Collisions between continental plates cause mountains to be uplifted which then affect regional climate by diverting and reshaping atmospheric currents. The collision between India and Asia starting 55 million years ago has formed the largest mountains on Earth and strongly affected climate. Sediment eroded from these peaks by monsoon rains breaks down in the hot, wet conditions and removes CO2, a greenhouse gas from the atmosphere. In doing so the Earth is cooled over millions of years. Recent work suggests that parts of SW Asia and southern China may not be responsible for cooling since 16 million years ago after all, but in this case why is the Earth cooling? Other regions have been less closely examined, like the Bay of Bengal, Sea of Japan and NW Australia, although they have been sampled by scientific drilling. In this fellowship I will compile existing data from across the Asia-Pacific region to see how they compare and test if other regions, especially New Guinea where mountains have formed more recently, are critical in driving climate change. Where needed new geochemical data will be collected. The work will be used to plan future collaborative expeditions by US, German and Asian scientists. Understanding how the climate in this densely settled and economically significant region is affected by long-term changes improves our overall ability to predict future climate change driven by other factors such as solar heating or greenhouse gas concentrations.

Kooperationspartner
PD Dr. Mahyar Mohtadi, Universität Bremen
Publikationen
Clift, P.D., C. Mark, A. Alizai, H. Khan, and M.Q. Jan (2022). Detrital U–Pb rutile and zircon data show Indus River sediment dominantly eroded from East Karakoram, not Nanga Parbat. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 600, 117873. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2022.117873
Jin, H., S. Wan, P.D. Clift, C. Liu, J. Huang, S. Jiang, M. Li, L. Qin, X. Shi, and A. Li (2022). Birth of the Pearl River at 30 Ma: Evidence from sedimentary records in the northern South China Sea. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 600, 117872. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2022.117872
Clift, P.D., C. Betzler, S.C. Clemens, B. Christensen, G.P. Eberli, C. France-Lanord, S. Gallagher, A. Holbourn, W. Kuhnt, R.W. Murray, Y. Rosenthal, R. Tada, and S. Wan (2022). A synthesis of monsoon exploration in the Asian marginal seas. Scientific Drilling, 10, 1-29. https://doi.org/10.5194/sd-31-1-2022
Kooperationspartner
Prof. Dr. Hans-Jürgen Brumsack, Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg
Prof. Dr. Rebecca Rendle-Bühring, Universität Bremen
Prof. Dr. Gesine Mollenhauer, Universität Bremen
Dr. Ursula Röhl, Universität Bremen
Dr. Stephan Steinke, Universität Bremen
Dr. David Heslop, Universität Bremen
Publikationen
Hongbo Zheng, Peter D. Clift, Ping Wang, Ryuji Tada, Juntao Jia, Mengying He, and Fred Jourdan (2013). A Pre-Miocene Birth to the Yangtze River. PNAS, 110 (19), 7556–7561. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1216241110
Clift, P. D., Carter, A., Giosan, L., Durcan, J., Tabrez, A. R., Alizai, A., VanLaningham, S., Duller, G. A. T., Macklin, M. G., Fuller, D. Q. and Danish, M. (2012). U-Pb zircon Dating Evidence for a Pleistocene Sarasvati River and Capture of the Yamuna River. Geology, 40 (3), 211–214. https://doi.org/10.1130/G32840.1
Hu, D., Clift, P., Köhler, C., Iijima, K., Böning, P. (2010). Testing Competing Proxies for Asian Monsoon Intensity Since 14 KA in the South China Sea. AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts, GC51G-0817.
Wan, S., P. D. Clift, A. Li, Z. Yu, T. Li, and D. Hu (2012). Tectonic and climatic controls on long-term silicate weathering in Asia since 5 Ma. Geophyscal Research Letters, 39 (15). https://doi.org/10.1029/2012GL052377
Clift, P., & D'Alpoim Guedes, J. (2021). Monsoon Rains, Great Rivers, and the Development of Farming Civilisations in Asia. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Dörr, N., Lisker, F., Clift, P. D., Carter, A., Gee, D. G., Tebenkov, A. M. and Spiegel, C. (2012). Late Mesozoic - Cenozoic Exhumation History of Northern Svalbard and ist Regional Significance: Constraints From Apatite Fission Track Analysis. Tectonophysics, 514-517, 81-92. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2011.10.007
Limmer, D. R., Boening, P., Giosan, L., Ponton, C., Köhler, C. M., Cooper, M. J., Tabrez, A. R. and Clift, P. D. (2012). Geochemical record of Holocene to Recent sedimentation on the Western Indus continental shelf, Arabian Sea. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 13 (1), Q01008. https://doi.org/10.1029/2011GC003845
Shiming Wan, Peter D. Clift, Debo Zhao, Niels Hovius, Guy Munhoven, Christian France-Lanord, Yinxi Wang, Zhifang Xiong, Jie Huang, Zhaojie Yu, Jin Zhang, Wentao Ma, Guoliang Zhang, Anchun Li, Tiegang Li (2017). Enhanced silicate weathering of tropical shelf sediments exposed during glacial lowstands: A sink for atmospheric CO2. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 200, 123-144. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2016.12.010
Clift, Peter D. (2010). Enhanced Global Continental Erosion and Exhumation Driven by Oligo-Miocene Climate Change. Geophysical Research Letters, 37 (9), L09402. https://doi.org/10.1029/2010GL043067
Dengke Hu, Philipp Böning, Cornelia M. Köhler, Stephen Hillier, Nicola Pressling, Shiming Wan, Hans J. Brumsack, Peter D. Clift (2012). Deep sea records of the continental weathering and erosion response to East Asian monsoon intensification since 14 ka in the South China Sea. Chemical Geology, 326-327, 1-18. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2012.07.024
Alizai, A., Hillier, S., Clift, P. D., Giosan, L., Hurst, A., VanLaningham, S., & Macklin, M. (2012). Clay Mineral Variations in Holocene Terrestrial Sediments From the Indus Basin; a Response to SW Asian Monsoon Variability. Quaternary Research, 77 (3), 368-381. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yqres.2012.01.008
Limmer, D. R., Köhler, C. M., Hillier, S., Moreton, S. G., Tabrez, A. R., and Clift, P. D. (2012). Chemical weathering and provenance evolution of Holocene–Recent sediments from the Western Indus Shelf, Northern Arabian Sea inferred from physical and mineralogical properties. Marine Geology, 326-328, 101-115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.margeo.2012.07.009
Long Van Hoang, Peter D. Clift, Darren Mark, Hongbo Zheng, Mai Thanh Tan (2010). Ar-Ar Muscovite Dating as a Constraint on Sediment Provenance and Erosion Processes in the Red and Yangtze River Systems, SE Asia. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 295 (3-4), 379 - 389. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2010.04.012
Dörr, N., Clift, P.D., Lisker, F. and Spiegel, C. (2013). Why is Svalbard an island? Evidence for two-stage uplift, magmatic underplating, and mantle thermal anomalies. Tectonics, 32 (3), 473-486. https://doi.org/10.1002/tect.20039